Published: Wed, September 13, 2017
World | By Paul Elliott

UN Security Council Approves New Sanctions Against North Korea

UN Security Council Approves New Sanctions Against North Korea

Speaking alongside the Malaysian prime minister, Najib Razak, following a meeting at the White House, Mr Trump described new sanctions agreed by the United Nations on Monday evening as "a very small step".

US Ambassador Nikki Haley said the tough new measures were a message to Pyongyang that "the world will never accept a nuclear-armed North Korea", but she also held out the prospect of a peaceful resolution to the crisis.

The sanctions, proposed in response to Pyongyang's September 3 nuclear test, curtail the country's gas, petrol and oil imports, ban textile exports and prohibit countries from granting new work permits to North Koreans.

How advanced is North Korea's nuclear programme?

Ahead of the U.N. vote, North Korea had warned that the United States would pay a "due price" if it pursues stronger sanctions. "If North Korea continues its unsafe path, we will continue with further pressure". The foreign ministry had said that if the USA "does rig up the illegal and unlawful 'resolution, '" it will have to face consequences. This is likely to hit the funding of its nuclear programmes. Russian Federation and China have also expressed concern about the humanitarian impact of strengthening sanctions on North Korea. Alex Thomson of Independent Television News reports on how the island is managing and what the disaster says about the island's relationship to Britain.http://d3i6fh83elv35t.cloudfront.net/newshour/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/anguilla3-320x196.jpg3004610473IRpKyoTByQg227370227362http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/refugees-urgently-need-mental-health-help-flounder-lesbos/Refugees in need of mental health help flounder on LesbosMigrants fleeing the Middle East envision Lesbos, Greece, as a springboard to new lives, but many find themselves stuck on the island for months, living in bleak conditions, and unable to get help for mental health problems. "And one of the reasons for that is that the North Korean economy is so primitive in the sense that sanctions would not have the kind of effect that they would have on developed countries", said Roh.

Peru does not have any diplomats in North Korea.

Féron considered a number of possibilities to explain the growth - from the state paying below market wages to North Korea simply burning through its reserves. It then reportedly grew by almost 40 percent in the first quarter of 2017 compared to the same period in 2016, despite the adoption of particularly harsh United Nations sanctions in 2016 (resolutions 2270 in March and 2321 in November). It also limits the import of refined petroleum products to 2 million barrels per year.

The UN Security Council on Monday unanimously adopted new sanctions against North Korea following its sixth nuclear test, imposing a cap on exports of crude oil to the country, though it fell short of a complete ban. Almost 80% went to China.

"North Korea needs to realise that a reckless challenge against worldwide peace will only bring about even stronger global sanctions against it", the Blue House said. "And the last thing China wants is sort of a collapsed regime", said Roh.

A defiant North Korea for its part "categorically rejected" the resolution, saying the USA was "fired up" for confrontation and would soon face the "greatest pain" it had ever experienced.

He said that the current round of sanctions "has teeth" - but who will those teeth bite?

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