Published: Tue, September 19, 2017
Sports | By Nelson Rowe

Million People Live in Slavery

Million People Live in Slavery

Modern slavery, forced marriages and child labor threaten the ability of countries to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

More than 40 million people were trapped as slaves past year in forced labour and forced marriages, according to the first joint effort by key anti-slavery groups to estimate the number of victims worldwide of the global crime.

The findings take into account an estimated 15 million forced marriages, almost a third of which were children.

This is a new global study by the United Nations International Labor Organization and the Walk Free Foundation, published today. Nearly one in five child laborers work in the services sector (17.1 percent), while 11.9 percent of child laborers work in industry.

"Today, women and girls are predominantly being subjected to forced labor in domestic work and the sex industry, whereas men and boys are being subjected to forced labor in construction, in manufacturing and in fishing", said Fiona David, the Walk Free Foundation's executive director of global research.

A new global slavery study shows more than 40 million people are living as slaves in different regions of the world, particularly Africa.

"Given that a large share of modern slavery can be traced to migration, improved migration governance is vitally important to preventing forced labour and protecting victims", they said.

Of the total, nearly 29 million - or 71 per cent - are women and girls.

Child labour remains concentrated primarily in agriculture (70.9 per cent). They were forced to work by private individuals and groups or by state authorities.

"The fact as a society we still have 40 million people in modern slavery on any given day shames us all". One in four victims of modern slavery are children, or about 10 million children. Forced marriage An estimated 15.

The treatment of millions of girls who were forced to marry against their will finally be recognised for what it is - slavery, hidden under the guise of marriage. Approximately one third of children, aged 5-14, and engaged in child labor, are outside the education system, and 38 percent of children in hazardous work aged 5-14, and nearly two-thirds of those aged 15-17 work over 43 hours weekly. Child labour 152 million children - 64 million girls and 88 million boys - are subject to child labour and account for nearly one in ten children around the world.

The highest number of children, aged 5-17, and engaged in child labor, live in Africa (72.1 million), followed by Asia and the Pacific (62 million), the Americas (10.7 million), Europe and Central Asia (5.5 million) and Middle East (1.2 million).

About a third of children between the ages of 5 and 14 who work are outside the education system.

"We must remain aware of the guises in which slavery can present and link these to other policy and agenda issues, such as migration, business practices, gender, humanitarian crises and victim protection if we are to understand and tackle it".

The study was prepared jointly by the UN International Labour Organization (ILO) and Walk Free Foundation, in partnership with the UN International Organization for Migration (IOM).

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