Published: Thu, December 07, 2017
Health | By Jay Jacobs

Primary care weight loss schemes 'reversed half of Type 2 diabetes cases'

Primary care weight loss schemes 'reversed half of Type 2 diabetes cases'

The Diabetes Remission Clinical Trial (DiRECT), funded by Diabetes UK and published today in the Lancet, found that after 12 months nearly half of participants had achieved remission to a non-diabetic state on an intensive calorie controlled programme without increasing diabetes medication. Roy Taylor, director of the Magnetic Resonance Centre at Newcastle University in the United Kingdom. Forty-six percent of participants in the test group reversed their diabetes and went into remission, while only 4% of the control group saw their diabetes go away.

The team previously confirmed that Type 2 diabetes is caused by excess fat within the liver and pancreas, and that consuming a very low calorie diet could restore normal glucose. In the trial, nine out of 10 people who lost 15 kilograms or more put their type 2 diabetes into remission.

It recruited 298 adults from GP practices across Scotland and the Tyneside region of England who had been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes within the previous six years. Michael Lean, chair of Human Nutrition at the University of Glasgow in the United Kingdom, "putting the disease into remission is feasible".

A United Kingdom trial study has found that type 2 diabetes could potentially be reversed through weight loss, and with the long-term support of a medical professional. So far more than 250,000 have joined and results show that 60 per cent of people with type 2 diabetes were able to stop using insulin following the program.

He added: "Our findings suggest that the very large weight losses targeted by bariatric surgery are not essential to reverse the underlying processes which cause Type 2 diabetes".

Type 2 diabetes may not have to last forever.

The patients will have to keep to their healthy habits to avoid reverting back to diabetes, the scientists warned.

The diet involved three to five months of a liquid diet averaging no more than 850 calories a day, followed by two to eight weeks of reintroducing food. Patients who have been living with the disease for 10 years or more have also suffered a loss of some cells which make the weight loss method alone ineffective.

"The trial is ongoing, so that we can understand the long-term effects of an approach like this. Diet and lifestyle are touched upon, but diabetes remission by cutting calories is rarely discussed", Taylor told The Guardian. One that doesn't really on expensive medications or invasive surgery, but instead, on improved diet and lifestyle - which could also be beneficial in managing and preventing a number of other chronic conditions which are affected by weight.

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