Published: Mon, December 11, 2017
Hi-Tech | By Ellis Neal

Today's Google Doodle Celebrates the German Physicist Max Born

Today's Google Doodle Celebrates the German Physicist Max Born

In the doodle, Born is seen writing using a pen that resembles the symbol psi, which is also the symbol for wave function in physics.

Google's Doodle is honouring Max Born, the German physicist and mathematician who discovered one of the most important rules in quantum mechanics, on his 135th birthday on Monday. For his pioneering work in the "fundamental research in Quantum Mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function", Born was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in physics.

Göttingen developed an worldwide reputation for physics theory under Born's leadership, issuing doctorates to renowned mathematicians including Victor Weisskopf, Siegfried Flügge, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, and Robert Oppenheimer.

Dr Born created the Born Rule, which is a quantum theory that applies mathematical probability to predict where wave particles are located. On 11 December 1882, born was brought up in part of the German Empire, Breslau which is now in Poland. Of Jewish descent, he served as a professor of theoretical physics there until he had to flee Nazi Germany in 1933.

Prior to Born Rule, prevalent theories proposed that wave equations were exact measurements, involving cumbersome physical measurement experiments. To do it, researchers only needed a series of numbers arranged in columns and rows, which is also known as a matrix. This revolutionary theory now provides the basis for practically all quantum physics predictions. In Britain, Dr Born became the Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh and continued to hold onto his post till he retired in 1954, which was when he was awarded the Nobel Prize. He also stayed in India for a short period of six months to work with Nobel Prize victor, Sir CV Raman. Dr Born received an astounding number of fellowships from many academies, including but not limited to Moscow, Berlin, Gottingen, London, Edinburgh, Dublin, Bangalore, Washington and Boston.

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